Sharing knowledge and my original work

Fine art

Art Communicates Around The World

Art is recreating what we see. It has been around since the beginning, it is one way we communicated with each other around the world. Reproducing our visions is what artist do.

As an artist I see the ugly, depressed, fun and beautiful everywhere. Animals have always been an inspiration to me. I have so much joy bringing what I see to you in different mediums like drawing, painting, photograph or sculpture.

I love walking into homes and businesses to see what’s hanging on their walls. Pictures and sculpture that pulls an your heart strings, brings joy to the beholder and art that we fall deeply in love with are found there. We are so glad we have the privilege of owning original works.

My subject matter never runs out its every where. Every pet that I see has so much personality but, nun more than my own. Every animals character set them a part from being a wild or domestic animals. They all are so inspirational I just love to capture what I feel brings out the best in their personality.

Grace is an inspiration for me. She is just so funny. Life is so hard when your a dog in a loving home. Especially mine.

   My current Muse

Photo Dalmatian sleeping

My girl grace sleeping with her tongue hanging out.



I have been working on this piece of art for a short time and you can see how my dog looks at me every time I wake her while she is lying on my bed with me. I love when she lays exactly where she is not suppose to be or hides in the grass. She is an art form, a model ready to be captured by an artist and I am truly grateful she is mine.


Each piece of art is unique.

Create depth with light and shadow.



Grace coming is into view as details emerge.

Pencil build as the drawing becomes more detailed.


Unfolding art.

The drawing as it unfolds.


Grace's eyes pencil drawing

Art can capture your heart.


Detailed drawing in pencil Grace

Drawing with pencil is just one way to bring your vision to life.


Finished art work title Sleepy Girl

Sleepy Girl

I think it turned out pretty good and now the work isn’t finished until it is framed ready to sell. Every piece of art I do is an original.  I will be doing more drawings of Grace, she is an inspiration. I wish you could meet her she keeps us laughing. She got her name because graceful she is not. We have been waiting for her to acquire some for 8 years. Ha! Not going to happen.

We have had four dogs and she is the most comical. She is like a cow walking through the room everything bounces she can fall on air and tumble just walking across the room. She is pushy, you know when she want her way. Our other Dalmatians were calm, carefree and they moved so graceful it was beautiful. We miss them.


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Balance Composition Tips

Composition is all about balance. In order to create a great piece of art there must be a balance between the positive and negative to be appealing to the eye. You want the main focal point or center of interest to draw you into the work and leaving you with any emotional response no matter what chaos is happening in the art work.

Artist take their time placing each element making sure they have a balance between the positive and negative space. Artist take the placement of the center of interest just as important as the subject matter.

Tip 1 Placing the main element where it has the greatest effect is going to draw your eye to the center of interest. Once you have figured the picture area is the perimeter (size and shape) you will take great care in placing the elements.


Example A

Example A

composition 1composition 5

As you can see the center of interest is a word. Changing the size and position of the word we can still keeping the balance inside the perimeter.composition 4

When your work is in balance you will feel it and so will your viewers. Whether you are using font or objects you need a good composition. Realizing the negative space inside the picture area (perimeter) is one way we draw the viewer’s attention to the main focus (center of interest).   Tip2:

You don’t always need a solid object to be the main focal point. The examples above are obvious I wanted you to see the negative space inside the picture area (perimeter). Here is an example of color and how it can draw your eye to the focal point.

color and composition

We try very hard as artist to get our vision across to our viewers, it is the composition that will take it to the next level. Placing the elements to support the center of interest is key to watching a piece come to life. Try different focal points and find the one that represents your vision. The placement inside the picture area (perimeter) of all the elements are there to support the center of interest and can be done from many points of view. Work with the size and the shapes and create a well balance piece of art in the foundation the artist strives for. It can make or break the vision you are trying to convey. The possibilities are endless, so have some fun. I truly believe that composition is the most important part of the piece. It is the beginning and the end of the pieces you will be remember for. Striving for the viewer to be left with a sense of balance as they view your work.

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Line A Tool

Artist are taught to see line as a tool in composition. We learn to curve it to create shapes, stack them to create texture and see it even when its not there.

Most people think of line as a straight, curvy or a combination of objects one after another forming a line. As an artist we use line to define shapes and to control direction within a picture area.

The lines I’m talking about are the lines that create motion. They establish a sense of direction just as a road takes you somewhere. Think about how line, not only the outlines of the objects but also the line or direction your eye moves through the composition.

Every element in your drawing has visible and invisible lines that will work within the composition. This adds interest and direction and is achieved by the placement, size and the angles of the elements in your vision.

You can use directional objects to direct the eye down line in the road, tree limb, a table, hallway, sofa, room or table. These props established in your drawing setting a clear path for your eye to follow.

Take a man walking out of a forest you can draw this in many ways. To make it more interesting you can have fallen trees in the background as if to say he cut them down cutting a path back into the forest. Is he carrying an ax or wood for the fire in the foreground? Does the tree canapé or tee line support the lines of the composition?

To take advantage of the line or direction of your viewer’s eye can be worked out through doing rough sketches. You want to see wear the main lines or direction lead your viewers eye with in the picture area. You don’t want to lead them out of the picture area. These rules apply with the lines of the composition just as they do in the rules of common sense.

Apply these rules:

  • Don’t divide the picture in have by crowding everything to one side or the other. Use the whole picture area.
  • Don’t line things up its boring. Create more interest by overlapping or varying the positions of the elements inside the picture area.
  • Don’t crowd the bottom. Use the whole picture area.
  • Don’t center everything. Vary the placement of the objects in the picture frame.
  • Don’t leave a hole. Use the space in the picture area. Leaving a hole becomes the center of interest.
  • Don’t just let objects touch they may appear to be resting on each other. Overlapping the objects create a sense of order and balance.

Line is a tool that we use as artist and to controlling the movement of your viewer’s eye around and into your picture area. It is like a director making a movie. The action takes place inside the picture area. All elements support the composition. Invisible and visible lines that lead to the point of interest.

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Thinking Your Picture Through

Artist have a picture in their head and the task ahead of them is to share their vision. People can appreciate when it is a finished piece of art. We work at getting things the way we want by learning and applying what we know.

We learn that taking a thought and put it down on paper has to have interest and provoke an emotional response from others. We can just draw what we see or we can take what we know and arrange something we feel that will be interesting and believable.

What element do you want the viewer to see in your picture? There can be different was of presenting your main subject to the viewer. That’s were a few rough drawings come into the mix. Take the element and try different angles and sizes, have fun with it.

A great exercise is to take four elements. Like a dog, a ball, a section of grass and bush. Now draw the basic forms, see how many different ways you can arrange them in a frame on your paper. By doing this you can decide how much of the background you what to show, what eye level your want to show and show how the other objects in the frame support the main element. Each time you do this exercise pick a different main element. This helps train your brain to see other points of view. Depending on which main element you use in the picture area, your focus will change everything each time you draw it. Creating many views and these rough drawing will give you more choices for your final picture.

Asks yourself these questions about your vision.

What is the largest form or object in your vision?

What is it your main element in your picture area?

What do you think will create the most interest picture?

Where do you put the foreground, middle ground and background?

Once you have four or five drawings. Just pick the arrangement you like the best.

There are four fundamentals you need to remember about composition. Picture area, the elements inside the frame.  The depth, creating a three-dimensional illusion inside the frame. Line is important because it is the outline of the shape of the elements and also the invisible line the other elements follow the same direction to support the main element. The value the last on the list and has two parts is the lights and darks in the area of the main element and the overall mood of the picture.

Every time you do rough drawings keep these in mind after a while it will become second nature.

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Creating A Three-Dimensional Drawing

An artists’ drawing is subject to the opinion of the viewer. The artist who is creating a realistic illusion will want the perspective to be correct and the arrangement of the subjects or objects to be believable.

Start by establishing your eye level and the vanishing point. Now work out the size, placement and proportion of the largest forms and then start carefully detailing the drawing. The largest forms must be established in their space before you can concern yourself with the smaller forms or the details.

The largest form or shape will have many smaller forms or shapes that make up the details. Each form must be in an accurate perspective. Remember all parallel lines meet at the vanishing points on the horizon if you were to draw them in.

Where your subjects are fruit or people the placement of each form will draw your eye to the area you direct in the illusion. Once your largest form is established you will want to add the rest of the forms. Keep in mind that each object and their detail will supported the idea. Every drawing is telling or leading you into a story.

Things to remember when drawing form.

  • Leave enough space between forms when one is in front of the other. If you draw both objects through you will see if the first object leaves enough room for the second and so on.
  • Learn to make ellipses by drawing them in a rectangle. They do not have pinched or flatten edges.
  • Draw a form through constructing the mass before you start the shading or detailing.
  • An interesting drawing with two or more forms has a great composition, it will lead your eye through the illusion into a three-dimensional space.
  • To create a three-dimensional form show the light, a middle tone and a dark space.
  • After establishing the largest shape make sure the horizon lines recede in depth. So the side closer is larger than the one further away.
  • Make sure that your view of objects on the same plane have the same eye level or view point.
  • When drawing an object pick the view that will make it most recognizable.

We have explored form or shape so we can create a three-dimensional drawing and a convincing illusion. You are telling a story of the object or subjects and how they relate in the space they occupy. Having an accurate perspective is essential.

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How Do You Create the Center Of Interest

Up until now you have studied the fundamentals, so let’s cerate the center of interest. Obviously the strongest and most attention getting element is going to be the center of interest.

Keeping that in mind what is the value of the elements you are drawing compared to the background and eye level you see in your vision. Some maybe darker or lighter so you will want to arrange them using the tool learned in the exercise you have been doing up until this point.

If you draw them all the same value you will not have a center of interest. We create the center of interest by showing the contrast of the elements keeping in mind the whole picture area. The perspective of each object or subjects and how it relates to support the element that you have chosen to be the center of interest.

We control the interest by varying the contrast between the elements. The overall picture area comes to life with light and shadows caused by the direction and intensity of the light source and your eye level. You are setting the stage creating an illusion by appointing value to all the elements.

Here is an exercise that you may find helpful:

Take four object a bottle some grapes and a glass, now arrange them on a table.

Draw just the shapes you see with no shading.

Now put in the shadows and when you are finished take your HB pencil and cover the whole picture area, leaving the objects recognizable.  This will show you that your picture area has no center of interest.

Now draw it three more times and each time pick one object to be the center of interest. Each time you draw these elements keep in mind the value pattern in your picture area and the illusion you are creating.

By contrasting the light in the foreground, middle and the background you can create a piece that supports the whole picture area. You are in control of the illusion and setting the value of the composition.

Remember you are in control and you set the pattern to support the object or subject. You control the mood and the direction that the viewer’s eye travels through the illusion you create. When you want an action to be the center of interest you put that in the foreground and depending on the action the pattern of darks and lights you use will support it.

Drawing a boxer hitting a punching bag. First identify the elements. The boxer, the fist, the bag and the light and dark value in the back ground.  I can draw different ways to get the action across one would be to have the bag with a fist wrapped in white tape in it in the foreground against a dark bag. The background will gradually get darker putting the bowers face in the middle ground making the punch or action the center of interest. The pattern can be brought to life buy showing the contrasting patterns in the area of the bag where the fist connects and all other patterns of light and shadow directed to the point of impact.

When you can tell a story with using light and dark patterns around action, object or subject you are creating the center of interest. It is the contrast in the patterns that draw the eye to the center of interest.

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Understanding Composition On Many Levels

As an artist you are creating a convincing illusion for the viewer we do this with composition. We build up from the foundation to our finished picture area. We use different levels of all the properties of composition.

Overlapping is one of these levels you need to think about inside your picture area. Organizing the elements in your picture. Most of us do pictures that have more than one object or subject in them. They are different sizes and shapes.

When we overlap it lets us organize the different size and shapes to create interest and a unified arrangement. Deciding on what to overlap is important because it will decides what is more prominent in the frame.

How do we decide how much of the vision we have in mind is represented in the picture. Cropping is where we place the border around our vision. We can use the border to frame different views of the same elements. This can overlap, cut out or show parts of objects or subjects creating interest and direction for the viewer.

Common sense must be applied in your picture area, just as in real life. We can see and feel a sense of balance and proportion all around us. So in order for us to create a convincing picture. There are some common sense approaches we use in making this happen.

It makes no sense:

To have elements all crowded on one side or the other. It give us a sense of falling out of the picture area.

To have everything at the top making it top heavy leaving a lot of blank space.

To have everything at the bottom making it bottom heavy leaving most of the area unused.

To have everything competing to be the center of attention. With no center of attention the viewer doesn’t have a direction causing them to lose interest not having a place for the eye to rest.

To have shapes that overlap and appear to merge when you can have a clear understanding of space and shape just buy changing the angle your view sees.

To over crowd the picture area with objects that are too large for it.

Get the most out of the picture area. You’re creating an illusion of balance while still telling a story. So you are making a conscious choice where you’re leading the viewer’s eye.

Things to remember about common sense rules are:

  • Don’t divide the picture in have by crowding everything to one side or the other. Use the whole picture area.
  • Don’t line things up its boring. Create more interest by overlapping or varying the positions of the elements inside the picture area.
  • Don’t crowd the bottom. Use the whole picture area.
  • Don’t center everything. Vary the placement of the objects in the picture frame.
  • Don’t leave a hole. Use the space in the picture area. Leaving a hole becomes the center of interest.
  • Don’t just let objects touch they may appear to be resting on each other. Overlapping the objects create a sense of order and balance.

Understanding common sense in the picture area is just a part of the foundations that will become second nature the more you practice it when creating the center of interest.

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Composition Starts Here

You are learning how to make a picture by applying the fundamentals of composition. You will learn how to combine subjects and or objects to form a whole drawing. The picture area is where all the action takes place.

The Picture Area is the first of four basics you need to understand in creating composition. What is the picture area on my paper and how can I define it? If you have ever taken a photograph with a camera you have worked with a picture area. The area inside the frame is the picture area. It is the flat surface that we draw or paint inside the picture frame.

I doesn’t matter if it is a camera or a piece of paper, you are in control of the picture area. Artist train their brains to observe life. It is like looking through a viewfinder of a camera storing information in their brain until they need it. They use a piece of paper or canvas to record their thoughts.

To use the picture area effectively you must decide where you place the subjects or objects and what size they will be. Depending on how much detail you want the viewer to see on may determine the size you chose. The larger the image, the more detail. Just as a cameras zoom lens bring things closer in your view finder it also shows you more details.

You have a choice where you place the objects, by doing rough drawings to find the image that reflects what you have in mind for your picture area. Take one object draw it different sizes and in different places on your paper. Do as many as you want until you have the best representation of your vision.

When you have more than one object the main focus or center of interest determines what size the objects around it will be. When there is only one subject or object it is the center of interest. When we add objects to the picture area we need to establish a direction that the eye will follow.

This is where size is most relevant. One thing to remember is that just as size dominates in real life it also dominates inside your picture area. When you draw an object or subject in the foreground you are establishing its dominance over smaller ones. Drawing objects on the same eye level and size will give them equal value. Whenever possible when using objects try to pick different sizes to create more interest.

The possibilities are endless. The size we make things and where we place them is what will dominate the picture area. Choosing how you represent the items in picture must be done carefully depending on the effect you want to achieve and how you want to represent the objects or subjects inside the frame.

The exercise that will give you a better understanding of this is to draw rough drawings. First use one object or subject vary the size and change the placement inside the picture area. Next add another element and do the same. Keep adding more elements until you’re comfortable with the picture you want to create. You can group them, change the sizes add interest and make choices that have a purpose.

Focus on the vision you have for the elements you chosen. After a while you will be able to look any subjects or objects and arrange a size and placement in your mind giving you a clear path to the illusion you want to create. Every time you record your thought do it with a sense of purpose.

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Composition Is Building Your Vision On Paper

Composition is creating a well thought out vision on paper or on canvas. It starts with the artist seeing something that inspires them to record it so others can enjoy it too . Artist  combine form and space to create a whole picture.

Artist arrange the elements to create a perfect harmonious picture. We are creating a visual arrangement. Our main purpose is to create an illusion by the placement, size and value of each object. Paying attention to how it relates to the space and what importance we give each.

A well composed picture will give the viewer a sense of order or beauty. The viewer may not realize how or why, they know that are satisfied with the results.

As artist we plan out every aspect of the composition. We are telling a story. What is the basic idea? What is the mood we are trying to communicate? We draw the subjects or objects that support and clarify our idea and throw out things that may confuse or distract from it.

You may start your picture with the main subject larger and bolder than the other objects. Placing it in a position of importance. You may even decide to draw it bolder, larger or clearer than it is in real life. Drawing less important objects lighter, smaller or fading away in to the back ground. Just by adjusting the position or size of the objects he can have the viewer linger and find the most meaningful part of the picture.

The artist is creating a focal point or center of interest by directly or indirectly by leading the viewer’s eye to where he wants it to go. He will also use light and shadow to draw your eye to the point of interest.

The artist takes into account where to use a horizontal or vertical picture. He may just want to dramatize the objects or subjects in their natural form. For instance drawing giraffes in a vertical picture will emphasize the height of the subjects.

These are the basic principles in developing a well composed picture. Practicing these principles will help you portray a clear, sharper expression of your idea.

Composition is taking your idea to the highest level by exploring and focusing on what is the most important element of the story you’re trying to tell in a picture. Taking the less important elements and arranging them to support the focal point.

A director creates a movie around a person, place, or thing.  You are the director of the picture you’re creating on a piece of paper or canvas.



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Position Is What Matters

Everything looks different depending on the position of the objects in your drawing and your eye level. So when you get ready to draw you must decide on the viewpoint you want to project in your drawing.

Every form you draw will change its appearance as you change your eye level or viewpoints. Our eye-level is seeing the base of the forms on the same level. A hilltop view is when you can see the front surface that the forms are resting on and the space between them. This view is the same as if you were standing on a hilltop looking down. A bird’s eye view is when you can see the surface the forms are resting on and the tops of the forms. Always remember as your view changes so does the appearance of the form.

As you change your view point you are seeing the difference between the form and how it changes its appearance in its space. This is the basic principles of perspective.

The further an object or part of an object is from your eye the smaller it appears. There are no exceptions to this rule. The height, weight and thickness of each form decreases in proportion and so does the space between.

They all seem to decrease in an obvious direction a definite level or height. This is known as the horizon. A natural horizon is where the sky and the ground meet but it is not the true horizon. Your true horizon is your own eye level. It can change depending on your height. It is always what is directly out in front of your eyes without moving your head up or down.

Looking down a street, a rug or a hallway notice the parallel lines of the forms gets smaller and smaller the further away they are from you and  they seem to connect. If you draw a straight line on either side of the object and converge these lines the will meet in the middle this is called the * vanishing point.

These lines are easier to see in a street, a pool or a freshly plowed field. You have to train your brain to see the converging line no matter the size of the form. Start by imaging invisible lines off the edges of all objects around you.

Your drawing may only have one vanishing point which will guide you to keep the diminishing objects in correct perspective. This one vanishing point located anywhere on your drawing depending on your eye level. Objects close to you will all ways seem larger and the ones further away will seem smaller even if they are the same actual size form.

This exercise is to help train your brain to observe how the objects it relates to the space it occupies.

Take three or four of the same object and the same size, place them down a table or a hallway. Now draw them, but first find the vanishing point buy drawing the horizon line lightly on your paper. Now draw the form of the object closest to you. Draw a straight light lines off the edge of the object to the horizon will give you its perspective. Where these lines meet is your vanishing point. Every one of the objects in this drawing will get smaller the closer it is drawn to the vanishing point. If the object is in front of your vanishing point you can draw a light line off the form to the horizon. This will show you the perspective of the same object and how it relates to the space and surface area.

Then you can have two point perspective, it is when you have more than one vanishing points on one horizon line. There are two sets of parallel which appear to converge to its own vanishing point. This will show off angles when we are drawing a view of a corner. The vanishing points may or may not be on your paper. Drawing buildings, boxes and interiors on an angle will have parallel lines converging to the left and right vanishing points.

*Vanishing point 1.) A point of disappearance, cessation, or extinction: His patience had reached the vanishing point. 2.) In the study of perspective in art) that point toward which receding parallel lines appear to converge.

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Keep It In Perspective

It is important that your drawings are in perspective. Are you convincing to the viewer? Do this by controlling the *proportions of the objects your drawing. We know that object closer to use are larger than the ones that are further away from use.

When you are building a drawing remember to have your forms in *proportion before you set in the details. Sometimes things just may not seem right, trust your instinct and check all the proportions most of the time that’s the problem. Every object should relate to the space it occupies and to each other

You would never draw a horses legs longer than they actually were or draw an apple larger than a pineapple unless your view point supports it. If I were an ant looking up at a horse the legs would appear to be very long and if the apple is on the table and the pineapple across the room on the counter it would appear to be larger.

Okay so this is what you want to do, first draw the largest mass (shape or form) than the next largest and so on until you can see they are all in proportion to each other. Than the details will start falling in place easily.

*Proportion is a balance of each object in its space and how it relates to all the objects it shares in the perimeter of the drawing. The more you draw the easier it will be for your brain to see the correct proportions. You can draw simple objects set up as a still life or go outside and draw a tree line, barn or pile of rocks. It really does help to draw anything, because every drawing you do will improve your observation of real life.

Drawing in depth is creating a three-dimensional illusion it is only believable if the proportion are correctly represented.


*Proportion 1.) Comparative relation between things or magnitudes as to size, quantity, number, etc.; ratio. 2.) Proper relation between things or parts: to have tastes way out of proportion to one’s financial means. 3.) Relative size or extent. 4.) Proportions, dimensions or size: a rock of gigantic proportions.    5.) A portion or part in its relation to the whole: A large proportion of the debt remains.

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Drawing Form

Drawing form is not as hard as you would think. All of us follow the same procedure. We start with the largest objects shape first and smaller next and so on. We don’t add the details until all the form are in place. So let’s get started.

The first step is to pick your point of view, draw an outline or silhouette of the largest form or shape. After you have identified the correct proportion draw the next object’s form (shape). At this stage we are only drawing the forms of each object or subject. You are just the forms you see. Does its outer line form a sphere, triangle, square or cylinder? Is there one or more than one form in the subject or object you are drawing? Making sure you study these objects. Identify what form or forms do you see?

Every object falls into one of the basic form or a combination of forms. Draw each form all the way through to make sure you have the correct space between each object. This part of your drawing must be correct so you can create an illusion of real life from the start.

Draw through form (2)

Drawing each form through

Next be sure that all your forms have the same light source and start forming the shadows. This will strengthen the forms illusion of three- dimensional. Finally start adding the details. Working on your drawing from here should be easier since you have everything in proportion and in the correct perspective.

Form with shadow

As you can see from the illustration above the forms have one light source and it comes from the upper right of the forms setting the shadows to the left and on other objects.

Identifying form becomes second nature as you study and apply these shapes to objects and subjects around you.


See how many forms you can identify in my drawing. The outline of the dog that is the biggest. How many forms make up his body? Head? Legs?

You can do this exercise with all the objects you see.  If you started a file you can look at those picture to see what forms lie within each.

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I Know Your Paper Is Flat

Artist have a great challenge ahead they are drawing on paper. Drawing a form which is three-dimensional on a two-dimensional or flat surface and you are creating an illusion of a mass or solid form on paper.

Most start out drawing their objects or subjects to flat. When they have more than one object they have a tendency to run one object into the next. Leaving their picture with no clear indication of where the spaces are between them.

When you see an object you must see it as if it has a clear box around it. Than you will see how it relates to the space on your paper. This is really important when you have more than one objects or subjects in your picture.

With that in mind you are creating an illusion of reality. Which object is in front, to the side, are they staggered or on top of each other. Does your picture allow the space for each object in every direction?

Take the four basic forms and arrange them on a table with one light source. Now take an empty picture frame and hold it up in front of the way you want to draw it. Look carefully at each form, take mental notes on where it is and how it affects the objects around it.

Three-dimensional form exist in space. So when you do this exercise move the frame from side to side, closer and further way and you can see that even though some times the form is outside the frame inside the frame you still have the illusion that it is there. This exercise is to help train your brain to see form in space so you can create the feeling of space.

Stand in front of a window look out the window as if it was a piece of paper. You can see how each thing you see has its own space. Now look at how they relates to each other. If the Glass was your picture you could look into the drawing not just at it. You are creating the sense of depth and space.

Remember that space stretches in all direction and every form must exist in it. Here are some terms you may or may not know.

Foreground – 1.)  The ground or parts situated, or represented as situated, in the front; the portion of a scene nearest to the viewer (opposed to background ). 2.)  A prominent or important position; forefront.

Background Fine Arts. a.) the part of a painted or carved surface against which represented objects and forms are perceived or depicted: a portrait against a purple background. b.) the part of an image represented as being at maximum distance from the frontal plane.

Perspective1.) A technique of depicting volumes and spatial relationships on a flat surface. Compare aerial perspective, linear perspective. 2.) A picture employing this technique, especially one in which it is prominent: an architect’s perspective of a house. 3.) A visible scene, especially one extending to a distance; vista: a perspective on the main axis of an estate. 4.) The state of existing in space before the eye: The elevations look all right, but the building’s composition is a failure in perspective. 5.) The state of one’s ideas, the facts known to one, etc., in having a meaningful interrelationship: You have to live here a few years to see local conditions in perspective.

Okay so know that you have these tools you can start to see form in its relationship to space. When you create your drawing keep in mind the space and perspective of what you are drawing. Light and shade emphasize the solidity of the construction of your drawing.

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Artist and Research

The artist builds confidence by research and mastering the tools he or she uses to create their work. They all so build it by knowing their subject. That’s when research comes to play.

The more you know about the subject the better you will represent it in your work. As artist we are observing and recording with our minds. To be able to hold or investigate the real thing is always best, so you can feel the mass, the surface and how the light cascades across it to create shadows. We will use books, photos and sketches to find out as much as we can about our subject.

Now you can find how to books and videos that are available in book stores, art material stores and on line. These record the fundamentals and give another artist point of view and I think it’s great.

When I draw a subject like a monkey for example, I will research monkeys in their environment. I will take notes and do sketches, take pictures of monkeys by visiting the zoos close by.

My notes record what time of day it is and how the light source effects the light and shadow of my subject. I try to capture the emotional inter action I see and how it makes me feel at the time. Then I may hit the books I want to see how my subject moves and how the movement of light over the subject effects the outcome of my finished drawing.

The camera is a great ways to capture many actions, poses and attitudes. I can record detail and expressions which would be hard to remember.

Some artist don’t want to use a photographs at all except to capture technical details. These artist only work directly from life. You don’t want to rely too much on photography. Always design and plan your picture ahead of time. Sketching in the positions or actions of your subject and creating an emotional response from your viewer is the key to a great drawing. By knowing what you want to portray you must be ready to reject anything in the photo that doesn’t support your drawing.

The photograph is not intended to be the art, you create the art and use the camera as a tool to gain insight, capture details and help you in your creative process.

Research folders are created by an artist on the subjects they want to incorporate in their art. These files include landscapes, furniture, animals, people, food and anything the artist wishes to help in the authentication of the finished art work.

Most of us try but it is almost impossible to commit everything we see from memory. Research helps us to train our minds and eyes to sift through and recognize the nonessentials that should be left out. The research helps to avoid the embarrassing inaccuracies and mistakes in drawing it. We want to draw with confidence and accuracy.

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Think With Your Pencil

Think With Your Pencil

The artist builds confidence by research and mastering the tools he or she uses to create their work. They all so build it by knowing their subject. That’s when research comes to play.

Thinking out loud with your hands comes easily for some seasoned artist. As a beginner you may want to start with a well thought out plan. This is a rough drawing. You can draw out your thoughts as fast as your brain processes them.

A rough drawing is where you really get to use your eraser. Test out as many roughs as you want you’re not worried about mistakes or lines left on this paper because it is not meant to be the finished drawing.

Your first thought should be about what is most important in the picture you’re creating. Every element you draw will support this. Some artist start with the outside shapes of the objects, animals or people they are drawing. The rough drawing is filled with shapes, light and shadow. It will develop more detail as the artist thinks more about what he wants to portray in his finished drawing.

Other artist start with guide lined, shapes and the back ground to draw your eye to the main focus of their drawing. This is a favorite of artist who what the action that has, will be, or is taking place. The finished drawing is filled with detail that are more precise.

A rough drawing is where you check the* position,* proportion, *perspective and* textures. The position of the objects in your drawing. Does the perspective support the proportion of what you’re drawing? What textures stand out and how are you going to represent them?

A rough drawing is where you plan out and tell a story with your pencil recording all the options you can think of. Until you come up with what you want others to see and experience.

*Perspective– a technique of depicting volumes and spatial relationships on a flat surface. Compare aerial perspective, linear perspective.

* Proportion – comparative relation between things or magnitudes as to size, quantity, number, etc.; ratio.

* Position – condition with reference to place; location; situation.

* Textures- Fine Arts. A. the characteristic visual and tactile quality of the surface of a work of art resulting from the way in which the materials are used. B. the imitation of the tactile quality of represented objects.

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Drawing Paper

Where do I start, there are different ways you can buy paper. It comes in sheets, rolls, books and on pads. Whether you are drawing with pastels, inks or my favorite pencils there is the perfect paper choice out there for you.

Paper like pencils come in many colors, sizes and range, they go from a very smooth surface to a rough surface. The surface of the paper is described by the “tooth”. You want one that is rough enough to take pencil. The rougher the tooth the softer the pencil. The glossier or smoother papers are great for inks, prints and even paints.

Papers are designed for to suit every artist need. The thickest which is illustration board and the thinnest witch is tracing paper. Choose a paper that is suitable for your needs based on fiber, weight, and surface texture or finish.


Visualizing papers are papers you can see through they include

Tracing paper (you can see through)

Layout paper (thicker and whiter)

Bond (used for typing and printers)

Opaque papers you cannot see through they are thicker and include

Ledger a durable, bendable paper used for writing.

Bristol board (comes in many thicknesses called piles which range from1 through 5 with one, two, and three, used for pencil drawing)

Illustration board (the thickest is drawing paper mounted on card board)

The thickness is the ply of the paper, one ply, and the thinnest and slightly heavier than bond. There are many surfaces from very smooth to very rough.

They range from very soft such as newsprint to very hard such as high quality Bristol board. You can erase easily on a harder surface. The one thing to remember is that no matter what type of paper you choose is fine as long as it is acid free.

Sketch books and pads are great to carry along to do a study or quick drawing. The paper is much lighter and not intended for a finished drawing.

Drawing paper and pads have a heavier weight and range in a cool bright white to a warm cream color. They allow you to erase and rework areas of your drawing so you end up with a beautiful finished drawing. Drawing paper that I use have a smooth service and is suitable for most dry media as well as pen and ink.

There are so many papers you can choose from just like the pencils and erasers we use. Finding what works best for you is part of your signature as an artist. These tools are part of your style and they will help Identify you as an accomplished artist.


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Drawing And Sharing Art

Doodle or drawing while someone is talking is who I am. Drawing is the way I keep my mind open and focused on the world around me. I listen better when my hands are moving. Is drawing your passion? It is mine.

I love to draw, taking a subject or an idea and turning it into a creative image is at the core of who I am. I see everything as shapes, shadow, lines and colors. Most people don’t realize the amount of work it takes to master the skill it takes to be an artist. Of all my talents as an artist, drawing is the one that I am most comfortable doing. I just love it.

Expanding on your talent takes discipline. You want share your art with confidence. I know that everybody has a special talent. It’s up to you to take yours to the highest level and discipline is what you need to develop it. I always wanted to play an instrument but I never had an ear for music so that is not one of mine. I know now that I was meant to enjoy the music, not to play it. Yet I can take a subject draw it and create a visional feeling just as you may get when listening to your favorite tune.

I expressing myself through my drawings. I work every day developing a new skill to support what I want to share. Work ethic is discipline. Starting a routine that supports you, your family, and your life style as an artist is hard work.

Are you passionate? Are driven to find out as much as you can about your craft and how to get better at it. This drive is what will bring your talent to the world.

There are different ways of drawing.

  •  Working drawing.It is done to guide you in another medium such as painting. This type of drawing is filled with as much detail as you can get, so you can then transfer on to any workable service.
  •   Rough drawings. These are drawing done to pick out the best composition and give you a rough idea on how your piece of art can look when it is finished.
  • The finished drawing is done with different degrees of shading that bring the drawing to a beautiful finished piece of art. Every drawing, starts out with a general form using a light pencil, gradually getting darker by using softer pencils as the details are brought in. The different pencils ranging from hard to soft and the pencil strokes we use will create a one of a kind piece.

Every pencil drawing is important so do your research. A working drawing will guide you to your finished piece. Learning how to take lines and transform them into shapes filled with shadows and a direct light source is the key. If you are just starting out the drawings maybe primitive, don’t worry they will get better over time.

Learn your shapes and look for them in light, shadow and proportion. The placement of your subject matter in the frame of your drawing is the composition. You will want to place it where it will draw the most interest by drawing the viewer’s eye into the frame and holding it until you have achieved the feeling or message you’re trying to portray.

By sharing your drawing you can bring your art alive. So take your talent to the highest level. Then sit back and enjoy your work with confidence and be grateful you can.


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Pencils Are Not Just For Writing

Pencils are the most valuable art tools you will use as an artist. These tools help us to think out our plan or composition. Every Piece of art work starts with a plan. We use pencils and paper by doing ruff drawings and fine pieces of art.

The pencil is one of the most versatile of all art tools. It is the first tool used by most artists, weather you finish up with paint, ink, wash or any other medium it usually starts with a pencil.

We can create line, textures, shapes and shading. Pencils make to easy to change your drawing just by using an eraser.

Pencils are found everywhere. They are the cheapest tool you can find and great for a beginner. If you have a few pencils, paper, eraser and a sharp knife you can be ready to draw anywhere.



Drawing Tools

Pencils, stumps, erasers (kneaded and flexible), architect brush, sharpener, single edge knife with changeable blades, masking tape, sandpaper block, drawing board and drawing paper.


The pencils we use range from a very hard lead or graphite to a very soft lead or graphite. The hard pencils make a grayer line can be sharpened to a fine point and hold the point longer. This pencil is only to be used with a light touch so you damage the paper. If you want a darker line use a softer pencil. The softer pencils are black and will have to be sharpened often to keep a point. Both hard and soft pencils can be darker depending on how hard you push down.



 Here is an example of pencils effect on paper and the degrees of darkness.

Every artist fines there favorite grades and will uses them in developing their style that set them apart from others.

Pencil Sharpening

I prefer to use a sharp knife or single edge razor blade to shave the wood exposing a long piece of lead about one half inch long. I keep my lead sharp with chisel point. The sharpener will keep only a point.


 Sharpening with a sandpaper Block

Sandpaper block

Roll your pencil between your fingers with the tip against the block to get a round point. Slide the pencil back and forth to get a chisel point. Experiment with both to find the desired point your comfortable working with.

I want to share just bits and pieces of the Famous Artist Course with you in these articles. It is the first professional art instruction that I got as a young girl. These books where easy to follow, written and illustrated by these artist.



These sets of books were a gift from one of my parents’ friends because they could see this was the direction I wanted to take my life. These men were the top in their fields in the 50’s and published these books as away to teach thru the mail in 1960 a year after I was born.


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Artist Materials Is How We Define Ourselves

How you define yourself as an artist maybe in the materials you choose. The one thing that remains constant is you will have to use artist tools and materials to create a picture.

Every piece of art that you have ever seen and liked, or disliked it is because of the artist devotion to his materials and his skills in using them. Art would not exist through time, if the artist did not perfect his materials and his methods.

In the beginning all the materials are strange to every artist. All they know is that they want to create. None of us knew what to expect the first time we took pen, pencil or brush in hand, and yet our desire to create and our determination to control these tools is what creates a masterpiece.

Don’t hesitate the first pictures will be crude and unprofessional. The only way we begin to create beautiful works of art without difficulty and frustration is to master the tools and materials at hand.

Before long, you’ll feel at home with your pencils pens, brushes and paints. You will be creating pictures that you dream and better than you have ever believed that they could be. It takes practice to train your hands in the direction your mind wants it to go.

Be very patient with yourself, no one is looking over your shoulder to embarrass you. Do not expect perfection or speed in this process. Just relax and have fun. No one becomes a master overnight. No artist ever has, it takes discipline to become a master craftsman.

I want you to experiment with your art materials and as you do this you will discover a great joy in handling them. The more you practice the more positive the response is going to be. You will open a clear direction with your pen, brushstroke, or speed of the pencil. I find that pencil and paint are my best friends. Mastering them took time and became easier than I thought once I learned about the tool of the trade.

You can only learn these skills by doing. Whether you want to draw or paint. The more you do the better you will get. As you skills develop, so will your style. This is what will distinguish you from other artists.

In the next few weeks we will look at different materials such as pencils, brushes, pens, ink and paints. Just to get use started. I want you to take each and experiment with them to see what medium you are most comfortable with.

Have fun before you know it you will be creating beautiful works that you will want to share with everyone.


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Looking Through The Grass Painting

Grace is my 5 year old dalmatian and a joy. She is full of energy, love and mischief. So you can see how I am drawn to using her in this painting. I use photos to capture her personality then my artistic prospective creates a unique piece.

Here is the painting Looking through the grass.



I start by getting my under painting done…





After laying out the under painting, I work on adding layer after layer building a piece I am proud to sign my name to.



Working in acrylic is a fast medium. I find that I can use them to create the effects that I want.


When creating this piece I worked on putting the compostion together when I was taking the photo of my dog. It was like an artistic light bulb going off in my head. I knew I wanted to capture her mischievous nature in a well balanced piece.






I think I like the way it turned out and I welcome your critique.



When painting or drawing a new piece I try to capture the personality of the animals I use in each creative adventure I embark on. No one has my perspective, so sharing mine with you is what I love.

Grace maybe my muse as most animals are. They triger my mind to want share an my artist perspective in mediums I love to work in.

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Sharing New Paintings


New painting!

I know it has been awhile since I had done any art. I felt the desire to start painting but I did not have the energy. Sorry folks I never thought my illness was going to affect me the way it has. My mind which runs a mile a minute is going through a long recovery period so bear with me while I am on the mend. I am working and have started two new paintings and will share them with you as the develop. I have found photography has helped me and I have that to share with you also.

When I paint I usually have more than one painting going at a time, I also am constantly drawing inspiration from every thing around me. Drawing at least two to three times a week for now. I need to tap into my brain and find the skills it takes to create a piece I am happy with.

Having meningitis real hurt my brain and how it functions. I will be retraining my left side to mirror the right side in my thoughts and actions. This may not make sense to you and it took me awhile to figure it out myself.


Painting Pond

Under Painting

The under painting is putting your shapes on the canvas. Keep in mind in you will keep building on your painting.


The painting is taking shape.

The Picture Area


Adding color to bring more depth.

Building Depth In Picture Area

As I was painting these pictures I found that some things I was doing was working well with the composition.



This picture is coming together nicely.

The Pond





Perpared canvas for my new painting.

I start with a light background on this new painting.


Building the picture area with shapes to balance this painting.

Painting shapes in light and shadow.


The under painting

Looking though the grass. A painting of my Dalmatian Grace



This painting follows the same process as the one above.

Building the composition with shape.

Looking Through The Grass


Things are looking pretty good. Feeling inspired.

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This is my latest painting, she is my inspiration right know. Grace keeps me laughing and on my toes, I never know what she is going to do next. This spring when the phlox were blooming on my retaining wall she decided it was a great place for a nap.

 As I worked in the garden I notice every time I walk back in forth she would raise her eyes to watch me walk by. Which I found interesting because I was 20 feet away from her and the wall, Grace is stone deaf.

I loved the composition, the contrast between her black and white coat and the phlox. Everything was as they say, pretty as a picture so I decided that would be my next painting.

When you look at this painting unfold you can see how a very ruff under painting became the work of art it is today. Enjoy this painting of Grace. She truly is a gift to all that know and love her.

                                                                                                     Finished Painting

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Weekend Washed Out Art

Hey everyone thought I would fill you in on the art show and the weekend events with this post. Well, there was a hurricane named Irene that came up the east coast for a visit. She caused so much mayhem that I decided to cancel going to York Fest. The risk was too high; I only do original work so I could not have replaced anything that would have been lost. The wind and rain were so strong that I decided to stay home and put some of my art here on my website.

These are just a few of the drawings that I did when I was recovering from carpal tunnel surgery. I was afraid that I may have lost control of my hands so you can image how happy I was when these drawings turned out so well.


Brothers Drawing Saint Bernard’s



Schnauzers Drawing



Piglet Drawing



Golden Lion Tamarin Drawing




Shih Tzu Drawing


I love to draw so when I found that my hands were better than they had been in a long time I celebrated by drawing more…


Leopard Drawing



Capuchins Monkeys Drawing



Chinese Shar-Pei Drawing



Tea cup Yorkie Drawing



King of the lions drawing



Bob Cat






Airedale Drawing




Pair of Giraffes Drawing



White German Shepard Drawing




Boston Terrier Drawing




Curious Lambs Drawing




Beagle drawing




Persian Drawing




Highland Terrier Drawing




Kish Hound Drawing



Poodle Drawing

 These are just a few of the drawings that I finished between 2007 and 2008. I will be posting more art soon.

There are so many animals I will never run out of something to draw. DD

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Art Show

The day started out great I am ready for this art show. I was up early and off to walk the dogs. I walk about 45 minutes a day its like my wake up medicine. After the walk it is off to Lititz  and the fine art show. This sky is picture perfect.


The day started out beautiful I had to take some pictures with my phone when I walked the dogs. As you can see Grace could careless that I have to get moving. She is just happy to get a walk, she has no clue that I’m up at this time so her and Sparkle can get taken care of before I leave.

The park

Beautiful Morning


The park

Beautiful Sky


Taking a break

Taking a break

They loves the park…


She needs to roll before we go home. And just a few more pictures of this beautiful sky. It’s colors are inspiring.


The sky

Great color in this sky.


Next pictures are the ones I took at the show.


Fine Art Show

Art Show Flyer




I am so blessed to have my sister with me this year, Shane is so big now.


As soon as I figure out how to get the slide feature figured out you can sit back and watch. For now you may have to scroll down.




The Show




Art Show



My Art Booth


Inside the booth

My Art




The Park

Grace rolling at the Park




As you can see we had great weather and the dogs are happy to get to the park once again. I will be working on my blogs, my art and getting ready for the next show. Yes, York Fest is right around the corner and I really want to check out her new pictures. Debi Watson new work at the Mason Dixon Library in Stewartstown Pa. She does the most beautiful water colors, you should check them out.

Hope you enjoyed the pictures now I really have to do some painting or I won’t have any pictures ready for york fest. DD

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